One of the fall-outs from the Kepler project is its implications for another gonzo space project called SETI (the Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence). SETI is a privately-funded project that has received support from local Seattle philanthropists Nathan Myrvold and Paul Allen (thank guys), and has had past leadership from no less than the first Do Ya Think Blog Rational Hero Carl Sagan. A major project of SETI is to use both radio and optical telescopes to scan the sky for signals from extraterrestrial intelligence. One of the challenges is that the sky is, well, really big, and only a small portion can be scanned at a time. To help solve this problem, they are constructing the Allen Telescope Array, which is as the SETI site describes it, is a "large number of small dishes," which will make radiotelemetric scanning much more efficient than using traditional large antennas.
So, how does this relate to the Kepler project? Simple. Now they know where to aim their data collection. Instead of just pointing at random stars, knocking on the metaphorical door and asking "Is there any intelligence home?" they can point their instruments at stars where there is a higher probability of someone actually being there. Let's hope that, someday, someone answers the door.